ENERGY EFFICIENCY FOR FARMERS AND FOOD PROCESSORS (TIMIȘOARA, JULY 3) / ENERGYNOMICS.RO


20.07.2019
In Timisoara, specialists in energy and agro-food industries brought real content into the series of seminars proposed by energynomics.ro and TMT PR under the “Bioeconomy – Energy Efficiency in Agro-Food Industry” concept. Five speakers animated the dialogue in the early part of the day, and then most of the participants visited the COM ABM biogas plant, about 40 kilometers near Timisoara. Cluj-Napoca is the next stop, on November 6th! At the event in Timișoara, it was established that through smart and sustainable management, there is sufficient biomass (especially waste biomass) in Romania for the energy needs of today’s society.

Enough biomass to cover energy needs

Mankind is at a turning point, moving from the industrial revolution and the oil age to the bioeconomy, says Dr. Teodor Vintilă, biotechnology engineer, Chief of Works at USAMVB Timişoara, Faculty of Bioengineering of Animal Resources, Department of Biotechnologies. “Without the involvement of the industry, the business area, and especially the regulatory area, we cannot make this step, although everyone knows we have to do it, because resources are near exhausted. On the other hand, human society tends to increase the degree of comfort, which means mainly an increased consumption of energy and other materials for mass consumption. “Consumption generates waste. That is why building a circular economy is needed.”

In this context, we have to take into account that biomass is the “greenest” source of energy, Professor Vintilă urged. “Biomass takes up the solar energy and stores it in molecules, which we can process in terms of consumer products – from food to energy and the chemical industry. All this must be done intelligently, without waste.”

We, in the Department of Biotechnologies at the University of Agricultural Sciences of Timisoara, apply these biotechnological processes, both on a laboratory scale and on a micro-pilot scale, as research and innovation activities, says Dr. Teodor Vintilă, Biotechnology Engineer , Head of Works at USAMVB Timișoara

USAMVB Timişoara has already carried out a study covering the West region, which established the methanogenic potential of various organic waste materials from agriculture and municipal waste. “We use a system containing 15 bioreactors, in which we process organic matter in an anaerobic system and convert it into methane. Over time, we have approached various raw materials, from fats, slaughtering waste, sewage, sludge, manure, different types of biomass, which we have analyzed and quantified the potential of methane production in each case, the energy contained in this methane and how these organic materials can be transformed into electricity and heat”, he said, presenting various results of the study. “We have a total potential of 8.6 TWh per year of energy that can be produced from waste – which exists already – with methane being released into the atmosphere by degradation of this waste, with a carbon footprint 20 times higher compared to carbon dioxide. It could be captured, transformed by burning into carbon dioxide, producing energy for society instead of allowing it to be released into the atmosphere”, Professor Vintilă said.

By collecting organic waste from the West region and converting it to biogas and energy, cogeneration units with a total capacity of 460 MW could be fed – about two units from the Mintia thermal power plant.

“We have a consumption of 3.8 TWh in the West area per year in the four counties. From waste we can produce 3.4 TWh, which means 89% of the consumption. So, by using these organic waste, we can cover 89% of the region’s consumption by turning them into methane, then into electricity, heat and organic fertilizer.”

DOWNLOAD THE PRESENTATION OF TEODOR VINTILĂ

There are currently about 11 biogas stations in Romania, while in countries like Germany, there are 10,000. Teodor Vintilă stressed the need for a support scheme, such as a preferential take-over tariff, where energy is paid according to its sources. “The new law needs to be discussed and implemented as soon as possible in order to make progress in this area.”

Energy efficiency reduces energy dependency

Dependence on electricity increases, but also increases energy efficiency, said Cătălin Crivineanu, Partner Account Manager, Power Quality Department, Eaton Electric România

Eaton is a company specialized in energy management and globally is one of the leading manufacturers of industrial and commercial components. Over time, with acquisitions, Eaton has become a market leader, having the most complete portfolio, starting from power distribution systems, fire protection, lighting and control systems.

“We are present on all continents, with our own factories, service centers, sales offices and technical support. In Romania, Eaton has three own factories and 3,000 employees. ”

DOWNLOAD THE PRESENTATION OF CĂTĂLIN CRIVINEANU

Two of the factories are located near Baia Mare, and there are manufactured control and protection devices, metallic garments and accessories, while a third factory, located in Arad, produces safety lighting. From these factories, Eaton sends products to all its logistics centers.

Crivineanu introduced the Eaton product range for energy efficiency, including UPSs used in various solutions dedicated to various consumer segments.

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New shutdown at the Kozloduy NPP, after the one from last week / Bogdan Tudorache / ENERGYNOMICS.RO

NPP Kozloduy’s sixth block was shut down from the country’s energy system after the electrical protection was triggered, the plant said.

It happened just before 14:00.

All systems of the block have worked according to the design algorithms, the company states. At the moment, the Nuclear Power Plant teams remove the causes of electrical protection, according to Novinite. Once the equipment is operational, the sixth block will be included in the power system.

This is the second such incident occurring in Kozloduy in less than a week. Bulgarian nuclear power plant Kozloduy has shut down one of its two 1,000 megawatt units last week after a protection system was activated at the unit’s generator.

The shutdown was triggered because of an anomaly in conventional power generation equipment and not a fault in the plant’s nuclear reactor. There is no danger of any radioactive contamination, the head of the Nuclear Regulatory Agency, Lachezar Kostov, told Reuters.

Also, Bulatom experts quoted by Novinite say that there are serious differences between the reactors at the Chernobyl plant where there was a huge explosion, and those in Kozloduy. They are convinced that the reactors at Kozloduy, a type of WWER, are better protected than those at the Chernobyl plant.

20.07.2019 · ROMANIA / BULGARIA